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Catherine Wolf, 70, Dies; Studied How People and Computers Interact
Obits, Yesterday

A leader in IBM’s development of a speech-recognition system, she relied on her laptop to communicate after Lou Gehrig’s disease left her paralyzed.

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Billy Graham, 99, Dies; Pastor Filled Stadiums and Counseled Presidents
Obits, February 21

Mr. Graham spread the Gospel around the world through a combination of religious conviction, commanding stage presence and shrewd use of advanced communication technologies.

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Max Desfor, 104, War Photographer at Midcentury, Is Dead
Obits, February 21

Mr. Desfor’s photo of hundreds of Korean War refugees crawling across a damaged bridge in 1950 helped win him a Pulitzer Prize.

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Nini Theilade, Dancer in Reinhardt’s ‘Dream,’ Dies at 102
Obits, February 21

She later performed with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, and was also well known as a dance teacher.

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Jeffrey Bell, G.O.P. Giant-Killer and Supply-Sider, Dies at 74
Obits, February 20

He upset Senator Clifford P. Case in New Jersey’s 1978 Republican primary, lost to Bill Bradley, but became an effective advocate of tax cuts.

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David Poindexter, 89, Who Used Media to Preach Family Planning, Dies
Obits, February 19

A Methodist minister, he saw TV and radio programming — soap operas, in particular — as effective tools to teach the world about population control.

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Lydia Ratcliff, Writer Who Found a Farmer’s Calling, Dies at 84
Obits, February 19

She gave up ghostwriting for the financial columnist Sylvia Porter to help pioneer the farm-to-table movement, delivering her meats to top restaurants.

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Arthur J. Robinson, Known as ‘Mr. Okra’ to New Orleans, Dies at 74
Obits, February 19

Mr. Robinson, a direct heir to the city’s street-peddling tradition, rolled through the streets every day hawking produce from his pickup truck (“I have ooooranges and bananas!”).

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Günter Blobel, Nobel Laureate Who Found Cell ‘ZIP Codes,’ Dies at 81
Obits, February 19

Dr. Blobel, at Rockefeller University, discovered that proteins in any given cell carry signals that guide them to where they can do their beneficial job.

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Jim Bridwell, Mountaineering Maverick, Is Dead at 73
Obits, February 16

With a go-for-broke style, Mr. Bridwell conquered countless peaks, many in Yosemite, where he led the 1970s climbers known as the Stonemasters.

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Lerone Bennett Jr., Historian of Black America, Dies at 89
Obits, February 16

Mr. Bennett, the author of “Before the Mayflower” and other books, was also a top editor at Ebony magazine for decades.

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André Harvey, Sculptor of the Natural World, Is Dead at 76
Culture, February 16

Mr. Harvey was renowned for his intricately detailed, realistic bronze representations of pigs, frogs, turtles and even the occasional human.

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Patricia Frustaci, 63, Dies; Septuplets Put Her in Spotlight
National, February 16

Her multiple births set a record in 1985, and they led to a medical ordeal, early deaths, a lawsuit and a flood of media attention.

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Don Carter, 84, Who Brought the N.B.A. to Dallas, Is Dead
Sports, February 16

Mr. Carter and a partner founded the Mavericks in 1980 and built the team into a model franchise that quickly became a contender.

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Ruud Lubbers, Former Dutch Prime Minister, Is Dead at 78
Obits, February 15

As his country’s longest-serving leader, he helped revive the economy and pave the way for the European Union. But his later career was marred by scandal.

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Kenneth Haigh, 86, ‘Angry Young Man’ of British Stage, Dies
Obits, February 15

A coal miner’s son, he had a long theater, film and TV career, but he was best known as the rebellious antihero in John Osborne’s “Look Back in Anger.”

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Tito Francona, a Former Baseball All-Star, Dies at 84
Obits, February 14

He played for 15 seasons in the major leagues, including six in Cleveland, where his son, Terry, is now the Indians’ manager.

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Tom Rapp, the Voice of Pearls Before Swine, Is Dead at 70
Obits, February 14

His band became a favorite in the underground-music scene of the 1960s and early ’70s. Then came a career as a civil rights lawyer.

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Morgan Tsvangirai, Longtime Foe of Mugabe in Zimbabwe, Dies at 65
Obits, February 14

A former labor leader and prime minister, he seemed on the cusp of defeating Mr. Mugabe in 2008, only to be subjected to bloody intimidation.

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Morgan Tsvangirai, Longtime Foe of Mugabe in Zimbabwe, Dies at 65
World, February 14

A former labor leader and prime minister, he seemed on the cusp of defeating Mr. Mugabe in 2008, only to be subjected to bloody intimidation.

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Ruth Ann Koesun, Versatile Ballet Theater Dancer, Dies at 89
Obits, February 14

Ms. Koesun epitomized the company’s early eclectic profile as a lyrical Romantic ballerina who could also surprise with dramatic ferocity.

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Sam Bloch, Champion of Holocaust Survivors, Is Dead at 93
Obits, February 14

A longtime executive of the World Zionist Organization, Mr. Bloch organized numerous gatherings that offered mass witness to the horrors of Nazism.

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Donald Lynden-Bell, Quasar and Black Hole Expert, Dies at 82
Obits, February 14

An astrophysicist, he joined six colleagues in suggesting that the universe is expanding sideways, and not evenly, challenging conventional theories.

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Anne Treisman, Who Studied How We Perceive, Dies at 82
Obits, February 13

Her theories on how the brain sorts the avalanche of sensory input it receives to focus on a particular thing have been foundational in the field.

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Ben Agajanian, Square-Shoed Kicking Star, Dies at 98
Obits, February 13

Though missing four toes because of an accident, he was pro football’s first career kicking specialist, playing for nine teams until he was 45.

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Marty Allen, Wild-Eyed Comedy Star, Is Dead at 95
Obits, February 13

Teamed with the singer Steve Rossi, Mr. Allen — with his signature “Hello dere!” — brought a childlike mix of innocence and insanity to TV and top nightclubs.

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Johann Johannsson, Award-Winning Movie Composer, Dies at 48
Obits, February 12

With an indie-rock past, he blended elements of electronic and classical music in his scores for “The Theory of Everything,” “Sicario” and “Arrival.”

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Jan Maxwell, Celebrated Stage Actress, Is Dead at 61
Obits, February 12

Ms. Maxwell, a longtime favorite of critics, earned five Tony Award nominations in seven years, including two in one season.

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Vic Damone, Who Crooned His Way to Postwar Popularity, Dies at 89
Obits, February 12

In an era dominated by Sinatra, Como and Bennett, Mr. Damone built his own following on records and television and in nightclubs.

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Asma Jahangir, Fearless Pakistani Rights Activist, Dies at 66
Obits, February 11

She gained international acclaim as the voice of conscience in a country where liberal, secular voices have been under threat.

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Wally Moon, Whose Homers Helped the Dodgers Win a World Series, Dies at 87
Obits, February 11

The National League rookie of the year in 1954, he became known for his “moon shot” home runs in the Dodgers’ second season in Los Angeles.

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Frederieke Taylor, Gallery Owner With Eclectic Taste, Dies at 77
Obits, February 11

Ms. Taylor’s gallery, founded in 1993, was known for exploring the intersection between art and architecture.

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Wesla Whitfield, Singer Who Reinvigorated Standards, Dies at 70
Obits, February 10

Unmoved by opera, Ms. Whitfield chose to apply her classical training to songs by Cole Porter, Irving Berlin, Rodgers and Hart, and many others.

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Reg E. Cathey, Actor on ‘House of Cards’ and ‘The Wire,’ Dies at 59
Culture, February 9

Mr. Cathey won an Emmy for his portrayal of a barbecue pit owner and confidant to Francis Underwood on “House of Cards.” He also played a political operative on “The Wire.”

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John Gavin, Actor and Ambassador to Mexico Under Reagan, Dies at 86
Obits, February 9

Mr. Gavin played romantic leads in the 1950s and 1960s and served in Mexico City for a rocky five-year tenure.

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Sonia Gechtoff, Acclaimed Abstract Expressionist, Dies at 91
Culture, February 9

With technique emphasizing the palette knife, Ms. Gechtoff came to prominence in the 1950s in a genre then dominated by men.

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Arkady Wajspapir, 96, Is Dead; Escaped Death Camp in Uprising
Foreign, February 9

Having endured the horrors of the Holocaust, he fled Sobibor, in Poland, in a mass insurrection after killing a Nazi officer with an ax.

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Lovebug Starski, Hip-Hop Trailblazer, Is Dead at 57
Obits, February 9

A versatile D.J. and rapper, in the 1970s he was a key figure in the development and evolution of a new kind of music in the South Bronx.

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John Perry Barlow, 70, Dies; Championed an Unfettered Internet
Obits, February 8

In a multifaceted life, he fought for free expression on the web, wrote lyrics for the Grateful Dead, ran a ranch and was a Republican leader in Wyoming.

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Mickey Jones, Drummer Turned Character Actor, Is Dead at 76
Culture, February 8

In the 1960s, Mr. Jones toured with Bob Dylan. In the 1990s, he played a recurring role on the hit sitcom “Home Improvement.”

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Dr. Isadore Rosenfeld, High-Profile Cardiologist, Dies at 91
Metro, February 8

When not practicing on the Upper East Side, he wrote best-selling books, had his own television program and led a medical research advocacy group.

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Dr. Victor Sidel, Public Health Champion, Is Dead at 86
Obits, February 7

Dr. Sidel linked the health of populations to social and economic conditions and political choices, like putting nuclear arms ahead of medical care.

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Joseph Polchinski, 63, Leading Theorist on Multiple Universes, Dies
Obits, February 7

He helped lay the mathematical foundation for the startling idea that our universe is not alone.

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Leon (Ndugu) Chancler, Versatile Drummer, Is Dead at 65
Obits, February 7

Mr. Chancler played on hundreds of jazz, pop, funk, disco and country albums, including Michael Jackson’s “Thriller.”

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Claribel Alegría, 93, Poet for Central America’s Voiceless, Dies
Obits, February 6

With roots in both Nicaragua and El Salvador, she wrote eloquently of sorrow and struggle.

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John Mahoney, Actor Best Known for ‘Frasier,’ Dies at 77
Obits, February 6

Mr. Mahoney was born in England, but he came to embody all-American grass-roots fatherhood on TV. He also appeared on Broadway and won a Tony Award.

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Peter Colapietro, ‘Saloon Priest’ Who Ministered to Lowly and Mighty, Dies at 69
Obits, February 5

A longtime pastor of Holy Cross on 42nd Street in Manhattan who was also a beloved regular at Elaine’s.

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Romana Acosta Bañuelos, U.S. Treasurer Under Nixon, Dies at 92
Obits, February 5

Ms. Acosta Bañuelos, a Mexican-American who got her start running a tortilla business, was chosen at a time when the president was seeking more Latino voters.

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Melvyn Weiss, Lawyer Who Fought Corporate Fraud, Dies at 82
Obits, February 5

Mr. Weiss used class-action suits to reap billions in settlements and legal safeguards for investors and consumers. Then the government prosecuted him.

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Lin Bolen, a Trailblazing TV Executive, Dies at 76
Obits, February 4

Rising to a vice presidency at NBC in the early 1970s, Ms. Bolen energized the network’s daytime lineup.

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Jon Huntsman Sr., Billionaire Businessman and Philanthropist, Dies at 80
Obits, February 2

Mr. Huntsman was an industrialist who made a fortune, gave millions to cancer research and left a legacy of public service.

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Dennis Edwards, Former Temptations Lead Singer, Dies at 74
Obits, February 2

His resonant voice was an essential part of the group’s success when it embraced psychedelic funk on songs like “Papa Was a Rollin’ Stone.”

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Dr. Arnold Gold, 92, Dies; Made Compassionate Care a Cause
National, February 2

In a medical world ever more reliant on technology, Dr. Gold insisted on teaching, and rewarding, a human touch at the bedside.

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Pierre Godé, Top Adviser to France’s Richest Man, Dies at 73
Obits, February 2

Mr. Godé spent 30 years at the side of the LVMH chief, Bernard Arnault. His vision was instrumental in the creation of one of the world’s largest luxury groups.

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Andre Surmain, Who Fed the Elite in Luxe Style at Lutèce, Dies at 97
Obits, February 1

His restaurant was one of the last bastions of grand dining in New York, an oasis of elegance defined by haute cuisine, high prices and a lofty clientele.

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Haim Gouri, Poetic Voice of a Rising Israel, Is Dead at 94
Obits, February 1

A journalist and author as well, Mr. Gouri was called the last of Israel’s national poets and the conscience of the founding generation.

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Nicholas von Hoffman, Provocative Journalist and Author, Dies at 88
Obits, February 1

In columns and books, Mr. von Hoffman examined American politics and culture from a left-wing perspective over five decades.

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Oscar Gamble, Power Hitter With Prodigious Hair, Dies at 68
Obits, January 31

In addition to his home runs, he was known for his formidable Afro — until, that is, he was traded to George Steinbrenner’s Yankees.

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Robert Pincus-Witten, Art Critic and Historian, Is Dead at 82
Obits, January 31

His writing in Artforum and elsewhere helped make sense of the tempestuous 1960s and ’70s and gave art a new term, Post-Minimalism.

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Connie Sawyer, Film’s Oldest Working Actress, Dies at 105
Obits, January 31

Ms. Sawyer performed in vaudeville and acted on stages and screens for more than eight decades. “Just keep me workin’,” she said.

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Dennis Peron, Early Medical Marijuana Advocate, Dies at 71
Obits, January 30

Mr. Peron campaigned to change the California laws that criminalized the possession of marijuana for medical use. He succeeded.

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Bénédicte Pesle Dies at 90; Introduced American Stage Artists to France
Obits, January 30

Ms. Pesle championed the choreographer Merce Cunningham, the experimental director Robert Wilson and many others, but the public rarely knew her name.

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Robert Parry, Investigative Reporter in Washington, Dies at 68
Obits, January 29

His exposés for The Associated Press on the Iran-contra scandal earned him a Polk Award. He also worked for “Frontline” and started a journalism website.

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Arno Motulsky, a Founder of Medical Genetics, Dies at 94
Obits, January 29

Dr. Motulsky narrowly escaped the Nazis as a teenager and went on to become what one scientist called “a maestro of human genetics.”

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Ingvar Kamprad, Founder of Ikea and Creator of a Global Empire, Dies at 91
Obits, January 28

The Swedish entrepreneur practiced thrift and diligence, and he portrayed those traits as the basis for Ikea’s success.

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John Morris, Composer for Mel Brooks’s Films, Dies at 91
Obits, January 28

Mr. Morris’s long list of movie, theater and television credits included the melodies to the songs “Springtime for Hitler” and “Blazing Saddles.”

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Mort Walker, Creator of ‘Beetle Bailey’ Comic Strip, Dies at 94
Obits, January 27

Mr. Walker, who created “Beetle Bailey” in 1950, had the longest tenure of any cartoonist on an original creation, according to the comic’s distributor.

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William McDonough, Who Guided New York Fed Through Crises, Dies at 83
Obits, January 26

Mr. McDonough’s 10 years as the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s president included guiding it through the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and limiting the damage of a major hedge fund’s failure.

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Marlene VerPlanck, Singer of Jazz and Jingles, Dies at 84
Obits, January 26

Ms. VerPlanck brought a clear and disciplined voice to the American songbook. But millions knew that voice best from commercials.

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Elizabeth Hawley, Who Chronicled Everest Treks, Dies at 94
Metro, January 26

An American, Ms. Hawley spent decades grilling mountaineers and compiling records for climbing expeditions in Nepal.

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Wendell Castle, 85, Dies; Blurred the Line Between Furniture and Art
Obits, January 26

Trained as an industrial designer and sculptor, Mr. Castle fashioned whimsical furnishings from wood and metal. But his favorite tool was a pencil.

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Warren Miller, Ski Bum Turned Filmmaker, Is Dead at 93
Obits, January 25

Skiing was a niche pursuit when he began filming it in the 1940s. His movies popularized the sport and helped create a multibillion-dollar industry.

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Bob Smith, Groundbreaking Gay Comedian, Is Dead at 59
Obits, January 25

His 1994 appearance on “The Tonight Show” is widely regarded as the first by an openly gay comic. But Lou Gehrig’s disease cut his stand-up career short.

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Mark E. Smith, Uncompromising Leader of the Fall, Dies at 60
Obits, January 25

Mr. Smith led the bristling and influential post-punk band for four decades with an intransigent voice and anarchically caustic lyrics.

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Allison Shearmur, 54, ‘Star Wars’ and ‘Hunger Games’ Producer, Dies
Culture, January 25

Ms. Shearmur helped bring to the screen a number of box-office hits as an executive for major studios, and later as an independent producer.

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Bernadine Morris, Veteran Observer of Fashion, Dies at 92
Obits, January 25

She uncovered the latest trends for more than five decades, including 32 years at The New York Times, where she became the chief fashion writer.

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Olivia Cole, Award-Winning ‘Roots’ Actress, Is Dead at 75
Obits, January 24

Ms. Cole won an Emmy for her role in the acclaimed 1977 mini-series. She was also in “Backstairs at the White House” and “The Women of Brewster Place.”