Initially known for his tight and soulful playing with the celebrated post-punk band Bush Tetras, he later became an entrepreneur of avant-garde music.
Initially known for his tight and soulful playing with the celebrated post-punk band Bush Tetras, he later became an entrepreneur of avant-garde music.
He created an annual award to honor the player picked last in the college draft, because, he said, “they do their work and should be noticed.”
His majestic baritone was the key to hits like “Only in America,” “Come a Little Bit Closer” and his signature song, “Cara, Mia.”
In 1961 he arrived in Seattle with no job, no skills and $80. Over the next 60 years, he built a seafood empire and transformed the industry.
His first big break came as Tom Hanks’s co-star on the TV comedy “Bosom Buddies” in the early 1980s. He also worked on the stage, occasionally on Broadway.
A Slovak coloratura, she was a fixture at the opera houses of Vienna and Munich, artfully balancing technical brilliance with deep expression.
She was cast in “Black Panther” at 90, not long after she began acting professionally. “As soon as we saw her,” the movie’s casting director said, “we wanted her.”
He created a lightweight, flexible board out of a piece of foam in his backyard in Hawaii in 1971. It introduced millions to the pleasures of riding waves on their bellies.
With a colleague, he founded a group that quickly analyzes heat waves and other extreme events for signs of global warming’s influence.
Mr. Haitink, who was closely identified with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam, drew direct, unaffected interpretations of symphonic works and opera.
Adept at reimagining classic tales, he often made sure that his books included Black characters and themes.
A former public interest lawyer, she oversaw this and many other documentaries that addressed urgent social issues.
He followed in the footsteps of his architect father, Morris, with glitzy landmarks in Times Square, Las Vegas and Atlantic City, where Donald Trump was a client.
While running Ruder Finn, with big clients like Philip Morris, Exxon and Coca-Cola, Mr. Finn pursued a parallel career as a painter, photographer and sculptor.
She played Deputy Barney Fife’s girlfriend on the long-running sitcom and was remembered by fans with fondness more than 50 years later.
Across three presidencies, he served as America’s top soldier, diplomat and national security adviser.
He specialized in leveraged buyouts in the 1980s, shot distant landscapes and wildlife from helicopters, then collected so many motorcycles that he opened a museum.
Arrested more than 40 times, she was best known for her role in the 2012 break-in at the Oak Ridge nuclear complex in Tennessee.
She was part of a groundbreaking study that observed how very young children separated from their mothers. Late in life, she became a photographer’s muse.
He assembled attendees of the March on Washington, mentored a young Barack Obama and wielded the solidarity of the South Side as a tool for political power.
Wieden+Kennedy, which he co-founded in Portland, Ore., broke from Madison Avenue tradition. Unlike many of its rivals, it has remained independent.
He turned a traditional maker of toys and games into an entertainment company with its own TV and movie studio.
She co-wrote hits for En Vogue, Toni Braxton and other artists in the 1990s and 2000s and was also a singer, releasing an album.
His 200 books, among them “Hatchet” and “Dogsong,” inspired generations with their tales of exploration, survival and the bloody reality of the natural world.
He was an in-demand accompanist and arranger for countless artists, including Mel Tormé, the duo of Lady Gaga and Tony Bennett, and the “Sesame Street” crew.
A professor and prolific author, he cautioned that doctors too often focus on the disease instead of the overall well-being of the sufferer.
He was a budding Cleveland talent when he was knocked over by Pete Rose in the 1970 All-Star Game. It was, he said, “something people will continue to talk about.”
Working on his own, he used the Freedom of Information Act to publish suppressed documents, sometimes making front-page news.
For 43 years he was a steadying force with the ensemble as he helped it become one of the world’s most esteemed.
She was well known at the Westminster Kennel Club show for her ability to communicate with dogs. “I just understand who they are,” she said.
Working in the 1970s and ’80s, his scholarship helped to cement African-American studies as an academic discipline.
The Chieftains, the band he fronted for nearly 60 years, toured the world, collaborated with rock stars and helped spark a musical renaissance.
A historian of the nuclear age, he and his co-author, Kai Bird, won a 2006 Pulitzer for their book about the scientist behind the atom bomb.
He was a North End hero “not because he’s the greatest prizefighter in the world, which he isn’t,” a sportswriter wrote, “but because he’s so damned courageous.”
One of a cadre of women who worked behind the scenes, she did indispensable but anonymous work on classics like “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” and “Pinocchio.”
Opening on St. Patrick’s Day, 1967, Neary’s attracted politicians, media players, archbishops and more, drawn as much by Mr. Neary himself as by the lamb chops.
His larger-than-life career, flamboyant personality and ongoing legal struggles made him one of the best-known personalities in France.
He gained a following online for his lyrical appreciation of the open road while biking through remote landscapes and braving extreme conditions.
At a time when a female jazz percussionist was a rarity, she played with Benny Goodman and went on to work with Marian McPartland and other big names.
Working for Knoll, Mr. Schultz created furniture that became classics. One standout: a sleek mesh and aluminum chaise with wheels.
Starting from scratch in 1976, he acquired the technology and knowledge that allowed Pakistan to detonate its first nuclear device in 1998.
The four-star general helped carry out the strategy to increase U.S. troop numbers, which was credited with turning the tide of sectarian killings.
His pronouncements — on sex, death, organ transplants and more — carried weight in no small part because he was both a master of Jewish scripture and a microbiologist.
He tried to resist the currents of Islamic radicalism, but was forced out of office when he lost the support of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
She established herself as one of the first known female endurance runners in Britain in 1926, a time when women were not permitted to compete in long-distance races.
Known for his style as much as his forehand volley, he was one of only three Americans to win the French and Wimbledon men’s singles in the same year.
She was a familiar, sometimes meddling, presence on a hit ’90s sitcom about a pair of newlyweds. Earlier she won acclaim as Wallis Simpson, who inspired a king to abdicate.
A clinical psychiatrist, she showed that suicide was often a result of mental illness, and that it could be avoided with the right treatment and public education.
Born Barrie Bates in New Zealand, he became Billy Apple in London, embarking on a long career that marched through art explorations, from Pop to conceptual to self-branding.
He pursued former Nazis who had gotten into the United States illegally and become citizens. One target was John Demjanjuk, accused of being “Ivan the Terrible.”
The subject of a Times Op-Doc, she was, for a time, the last fluent speaker of Wukchumni and spent 20 years producing the first complete dictionary of its vocabulary.
As a scientist he saw the potential of microwave ovens when he observed one heating up a sandwich in the 1960s. Microwaveable oatmeal, among other advances, was in his future.
His aggressive agenda as a pastor and civic leader in Brownsville and Bushwick laid the groundwork for a remarkable recovery.
He was a power-hitting All-Star in a career of more than 60 seasons as a player, executive, coach and scout. He had been the oldest living former major leaguer.
Far more than just an announcer, he contributed all sorts of outlandish, incongruous comic bits to “Late Show With David Letterman.”
His albums and performances with Apollo Sound brought new complexity to the genre in the 1970s. His group was still getting the crowds dancing decades later.
A postal worker’s son, he rose from financial adviser trainee to chairman of one of the world’s most powerful financial institutions, expanding it overseas.
From Sinatra to Isaac Stern to Sting, she attended to the needs of the star performers in the Maestro Suite and helped calm their nerves.
An activist, poet and author, she spent most of her adult life fighting injustice and patriarchy and building bonds of solidarity with women across borders.
The former Republican representative from Missouri was widely criticized after saying in 2012 that women’s bodies could reject pregnancies that were the result of a sexual assault.
A hawkish conservative, he believed that America was hamstrung at home and abroad by a progressive ruling class.
Shot dead by gunmen, he had compiled a list of those who perished in the hope that the data could be used as evidence in international courts.
As a radical gay feminist in historically patriarchal Israel, Ms. Freedman was under constant criticism and was often dismissed by her colleagues.
Cabaret Voltaire, of which he was a founder, began as a band of experimental provocateurs and later moved to the dance floor.
For a half-century, she used her knowledge of handwriting, typewriters, paper and ink to investigate the veracity of checks, letters, contracts and other paperwork.
He and his wife and collaborator made headlines with their finding that they could communicate with a young ape using the language of the deaf.
With his band the Lost Planet Airmen, he infused older genres like Western swing and boogie-woogie with a freewheeling 1960s spirit and attracted a devoted following.
His celebrated works drew from the musical traditions of revival meetings and country hoedowns, telling stories of intolerance.
In a risk-taking career, he helped the paper win a Pulitzer for its 9/11 photography and later prompted a debate on journalistic ethics that led to his leaving The Times.
After her son was found to be autistic, she started organizations to help children and adults. She also consulted on the making of the movie “Rain Man.”
Adept at blending the sophistication of jazz with the earthy appeal of rhythm and blues, he was later widely sampled by hip-hop artists.
His inexpensive Sinclair personal computer, one of many inventions, was an introduction to computing for young people in Britain and beyond.
She started out a country singer, but she found fame and pop-chart success in the early 1960s with catchy novelty songs, as well as the occasional ballad.
“Radicalized” after an accident left her disabled, she became a “linchpin” in the fight for the Americans With Disabilities Act as a leading policy analyst.
He played bass on thousands of popular recordings, helping to create the uncluttered style that came to characterize the country music of the 1950s and ’60s.
He became a swaggering star in the late 1960s, when Addis Ababa experienced a golden age of night life and music. Decades later, he was rediscovered.
He successfully marketed Manolo Blahnik’s extravagantly heeled confections. Then a television character named Carrie Bradshaw brandished a pair in “Sex and the City.”
He argued that white supremacy was a feature of the Western political tradition, and that racism represented a political system as intentional as liberal democracy.
As musical director for the bands behind Mr. Brown and also Van Morrison, Mr. Ellis helped forge new hybrids, meshing pop, jazz, R&B and more.
Acclaimed for his work on “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” and “The Cosby Show,” he also made a crucial casting decision about “The Golden Girls.”
He brought a historian’s expertise to many decades of writing about China for The Observer of London, The New York Review of Books and other outlets.
Mr. Bagosora was convicted of genocide for ordering a massacre in the capital and the killing of top officials, including the prime minister.
As a spirited impresario of public relations, he promoted entertainers, films and the “I Love New York” tourism campaign.
For half a century, he was in constant demand, backing big names like Oscar Peterson as well as countless up-and-coming performers.
His pitching career was cut short, but at one time he and his brothers Ken and Clete were all on the major league stage together. He ended up outliving them.
This Women’s History Month we’re looking back at the lives of a few women whose perseverance shaped the world for generations to come.
One in three Americans knows someone who died from the coronavirus. We spoke to the people the pandemic left behind.
Remembering some of the artists, innovators and thinkers we lost in the past year.
The more than 500,000 people we lost to the pandemic so far form a portrait of America. For this series of short films, we asked five people to celebrate the life of someone close to them.
The coronavirus pandemic has taken an incalculable death toll. This series is designed to put names and faces to the numbers.
Her “Ashton Manual,” published in 1999, has become a cornerstone for people all over the world dealing with benzodiazepine dependence.
He represented New Jersey’s Second District for 20 years, then was ambassador to Panama in a crucial period.
He and David Horowitz wrote well-regarded biographies of prominent families. They also drew attention for their ideological shift from left to right.
Her sculptures, which often incorporated tree trunks and animal carcasses, emphasized commonality and connection between humans, animals and the earth.
She was the only woman in an espionage ring of about a dozen Egyptians that engineered bombings. Their mission did not go well.
She immersed herself in the rougher precincts of American life for months at a time, portraying their denizens as noble but not necessarily heroic.
In the 1970s he was part of a much-talked about prime-time TV series as well as a somewhat subversive Sunday morning Bible show for children.
Ms. Yao was a celebrated singer in Shanghai and Hong Kong starting in the 1930s. One of her songs appeared on the soundtrack of the film “Crazy Rich Asians.”
Over four decades with the Royal Ballet, she created roles for a host of eminent choreographers. She then shaped notable careers as a teacher.
Those who knew where to look on East 84th Street could find an apartment stuffed with literature and a literary salon to go with it.
He fronted the influential group the 13th Floor Elevators with his scream-inflected vocals, but struggled with mental illness for much of his life.
An Army psychiatrist, he spearheaded a Cold War project to test whether recreational drugs could be used in chemical attacks to disable enemy troops.
Her research into childhood nutrition and obesity shed new light on not just what children eat, but also why.
Promising “deliverance is near” amid economic turmoil, Mr. Seaga ousted Michael Manley to become prime minister and grew close to the U.S. and Britain.
He presided over two trials stemming from the worst act of domestic terrorism, which killed 168 at a federal building, until the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
Mrs. Wrightsman, who had no formal training, became a connoisseur of 18th-century French art and a significant donor to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
She was as qualified as any man to be an astronaut and passed all the tests, but NASA wasn’t interested in sending women into space in 1961.
Her works, like a metal cabbage with chicken legs, weren’t taken seriously at first but now command lofty prices.
At a time when being gay was classified as a mental disorder, Dr. Green defied the advice of his colleagues and took a professional risk by arguing otherwise.
At a time when comedies and variety shows dominated TV (and few women held executive jobs), she gave viewers “CBS Playhouse” and, later, “Visions” on PBS.
“Keats, for me, represents the integrity of the mission of the poet,” said Mr. Plumly, whose books included a “personal biography” called “Posthumous Keats.”
After gaining fame as the blustery newsman Ted Baxter’s love interest, Ms. Engel went on to “Everybody Loves Raymond” and more.
Ms. Andersson, a Swedish actress, personified first purity and youth, then complexity and disillusionment, in 13 Ingmar Bergman films.
Whether he was writing a Restoration period biography or a book on war poetry, his background in music informed his approach.
Considered one of the world’s best tuba players, he forged a successful career as a soloist and was a founding member of the quintet Empire Brass.
An All-Pro on championship teams and a Hall of Famer, he powered Green Bay’s turf-churning “sweep.” He was later a head coach of three N.F.L. teams.
Singing in a smoky baritone about the complexity of romantic relationships, Mr. Conley topped the country charts 24 times, often with a flavor of soul.
As the first woman and first person of color to lead the Newhouse School at Syracuse, she helped students and faculty embrace the future — and diversity.
Mr. David, who created looks that emphasized practicality as well as style, founded a worldwide chain of salons that bear his name.
His performances in both classical ballet and modern existential works were widely hailed. “He was my hero,” American Ballet Theater’s director said.
Recently stripped of a board seat in his family’s empire, Mr. Cho had been caught up in corruption investigations and a daughter’s “nut rage” incident.
A South Vietnam Air Force veteran, Mr. Ly Tong dropped leaflets over Ho Chi Minh City in 1992 and 2000. His actions made him a hero to many Vietnamese refugees.
He drew long lines to his home in Brooklyn, but he chose not to translate that veneration into a community of acolytes on a grand scale.
But was it art? No, Mr. Robbins said, but paint-by-numbers kits — all the rage among young baby boomers — gave the inartistic the “experience” of art.
Ms. McIntyre won three Nebula Awards for her writing and inspired other female authors. She also wrote five novels set in the “Star Trek” universe.
Ms. English had more than a dozen house-music hits. But her songs, her longtime manager said, were “all related to God.”
She cautioned suicidal farmers to think what it would be like for their children “if they sat down at the supper table and there would be an empty chair.”
The son of an Eritrean father, Nipsey Hussle grew up in Los Angeles, joined a gang and dropped out of school before hearing “wake-up calls.”
After participated in controversial studies by Timothy Leary involving hallucinogens, he continued researching alternate states of consciousness.
A fleet running back, he was the overwhelming choice for the 1960 Heisman, but his pro career, delayed by military service, fell short of expectations.
Tattooed almost head to foot himself, he helped move the art form “out of the back alley” and into the mainstream, finding fame with a celebrity clientele.
His skills as production manager were invaluable to Queen, Paul McCartney and others as the logistics of touring and performing grew increasingly elaborate.
He co-wrote the No. 1 hit “At the Hop” and wrote its follow-up, “Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay.” He later helped write hits for Lesley Gore and others.
Her investigations sought to establish mass rape and sexual enslavement as crimes against humanity. She also spent time in the field with survivors.
As the curator for 43 years of the New York Public Library’s dance collection, which she founded, Ms. Oswald helped preserve a fragile art form’s history.
She was severely injured when a teenager threw a frozen turkey that smashed through her car’s windshield. But she argued against a harsh sentence.
Mr. Malek spurred the party from its slump after 2008, helping Republicans to capture 84 governorships over the next decade.
From its inception she was a guiding spirit at LaGuardia Community College in Queens with national influence in helping underserved students.
Ms. Gregg found poems in nature and loss, matters of the heart and matters of the spirit.
He led the team that seized the Nazi architect of the Final Solution in Argentina and later handled the American spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
She and her husband fled Cuba under Castro, giving up their prominence in theater there. In the North, she had a steady diet of ethnic roles.
Jones won a gold medal at the 1976 Olympics and signed pro football’s first million-dollar contract, with the Jets. But N.F.L. stardom eluded him.
Mr. Silverman collaborated with Gale Sayers on his memoir, a chapter of which was later adapted into one of the most popular TV movies of all time.
One of the busiest session musicians of all time, he brought percussive drama to records by Frank Sinatra, Elvis Presley and countless others.
Mr. Loussier’s trio, formed in 1959, played Bach’s music with jazz inflections, selling millions of albums and performing around the world.
He rose to the highest ranks of New York State government but left politics after a fraud conviction, even though it was later overturned on appeal.
Mr. Sheinberg helped turn the studio into a behemoth with theme parks, record companies, television production and, above all, movie blockbusters.
She drew notice for a story of a gay attraction that threatens a marriage and a fictional diary of a woman in Nazi Germany that some took to be true.
Bundy, who was massive even by pro wrestler standards, used his bulk and surprising agility to wrangle with stars like Hulk Hogan and the Undertaker.
“Wings of Desire” and “Downfall” were among the highlights of Mr. Ganz’s long film career, which he spent mostly in Europe.