T/art

Merlin 156803241 2c5e740c f303 4ae7 87ff 48804629394b articleinline
Charles Ginnever, Sculptor on a Grand Scale, Dies at 87
Arts, Yesterday

His steel geometric forms are in parks and other public spaces all over the United States.

1eba13e8fd6b4bf491fee2dfd8ae6996 articleinline
Jason Moran Will Bring His Interdisciplinary Jazz Approach to the Whitney
Arts, Yesterday

The pianist and conceptualist has always blended visual media with jazz improvisation. His first solo museum show arrives in New York in September.

Merlin 156441771 c3737b64 7a6d 42be 876b c3a3b84d4f3a articleinline
Joyce Pensato, Who Made Cartoon Characters Complex, Dies at 77
Arts, June 24

Ms. Pensato, who found art-world success relatively late, transformed the likes of Mickey Mouse and Batman into ambiguous and sometimes scary creatures.

Merlin 156790866 d9751927 628e 440d 871d a6a3caadccb1 articleinline
Robert Therrien, Sculptor, Dies at 71; Made the Mundane Monumental
Obituaries, June 24

Mr. Therrien’s dining room table was the model for his best-known work: a 10-foot-high replica that let viewers see it from below, as a child might.

Merlin 156790881 8eac1567 f4e4 4ba9 a736 749a6f814aab articleinline
Robert Therrien, Sculptor, Dies at 71; He Made the Mundane Monumental
Arts, June 24

Mr. Therrien’s dining room table was the model for his best-known work: a 10-foot-high replica that let viewers see it from below, as a child might.

22spain1 articleinline
Botched Statue of St. George Is ‘Unrestored’ to Its Dignity
World, June 22

Specialists in Spain spent $34,000 to fix a church statue that had ended up looking like Tintin after a paint job.

00ketubah articleinline v2
The Jewish Prenuptial Gets an Artsy Update
Style, June 22

The 2019 ketubah observes tradition while incorporating couples’ tastes and personalities. It also functions as décor.

Merlin 156261543 2d9b1d27 5f08 47da 861d 5abbead465a9 articleinline
The Week in Arts: John Cameron Mitchell Brings Back ‘Hedwig’; L.G.B.T.Q. Films Roll Out for Pride
Arts, June 22

Music from the pioneering punk-rock musical comes to Manhattan’s Town Hall, Jennifer Monson dances at dawn and OVID.tv streams a Pride Month series.

20esterly1 articleinline
David Esterly, 75, Master Carver Steeped in History and Nature, Dies
Arts, June 21

A self-taught artist’s muse was a 17th-century master woodcarver for the English crown.

21tmag tel slide 51jf articleinline
T Suggests: Painterly Ceramics, Grateful Dead Body Oils and More
T Magazine, June 21

A roundup of things our editors — and a few contributors — are excited about in a given week.

Cabf6826c6934cbab61a71b81c9e0f02 articleinline
Suzan Pitt, 75, Wildly Inventive Animation Filmmaker, Dies
Arts, June 21

Ms. Pitt’s short films were vivid, immersive fantasies influenced by her dreams, underground comics and the cartoons of Max Fleischer.

Merlin 155289609 562342d0 1a8c 4d11 91f5 c3dc7ed9fb77 articleinline
How a Self-Taught Art Curator Became a Gay Rights Champion
U.S., June 21

‘I had no vision at all,’ said Charles W. Leslie, who co-founded the Leslie-Lohman Museum of Gay and Lesbian Art 50 years ago. ‘It had to do with some vague concept of gay liberation.’

Merlin 155289609 562342d0 1a8c 4d11 91f5 c3dc7ed9fb77 articleinline
How a Self-Taught Art Curator Became a Gay Rights Champion
U.S., June 21

‘I had no vision at all,’ said Charles W. Leslie, who co-founded the Leslie-Lohman Museum of Gay and Lesbian Art 50 years ago. ‘It had to do with some vague concept of gay liberation.’

20graffiti floater01 articleinline
A Brooklyn Exhibition Flaunts Street Art’s Influence
Arts, June 21

The graffiti historian Roger Gastman has put together “Beyond the Streets New York,” which includes works by Shepard Fairey, Jenny Holzer and others.

Merlin 156567042 ee657430 7321 432f a169 2c00a3de7953 articleinline
What to Do in New York This Weekend
Arts, June 21

The cultural offerings are varied and vast, from ‘Toy Story 4’ in movie theaters to numerous ways to celebrate the first day of summer and NYC Pride.

Merlin 156245010 98f31c54 7140 462e 8336 c206e52bca1f articleinline
How to Make a Relationship Last? Make It Open, Christopher Isherwood Said
Arts, June 21

A museum show explores the British writer and the painter Don Bachardy’s partnership, which lasted through uncertainties and ecstasies for 33 years.

Merlin 155886624 22b0d0f9 2b4e 4d8d 93ed b2a3e08dee76 articleinline
For One Los Angeles Artist, Cars Are Her Canvas and Rainbows Are Her Brush
Arts, June 21

Peggy Noland has given a Toyota Corolla a pelt and slapped “buff Powerpuff Girls” on a pickup truck. Objects in mirror are as bitchin’ as they appear.

23oldenberg4 articleinline
For Claes Oldenburg, a Time to Let Go, a Time to Look Ahead
Arts, June 21

As his archive heads to the Getty Research Institute, a Pop master pushes forward with new work at age 90.

Merlin 156567216 82fe0f39 6d8c 4aa0 879e 462f3922b89b articleinline
11 Outdoor Installations to See in New York This Summer
Arts, June 21

From the South Bronx to Governors Island and beyond, artworks are popping up all over the city. Here’s a guide to what’s happening.

Merlin 156579168 71b75ac3 b515 4f28 a386 ca7768cb99bb articleinline
Is El Museo del Barrio Forsaking Its Roots, or Expanding Them?
Arts, June 20

The museum is being torn apart. A 50th anniversary show illuminates its past. Does it also point a way forward?

Merlin 156222207 2bf476f8 abe7 47bb b41b d6c61bab7366 articleinline
Graphic, Grabby and Democratic: Posters Get Their Own Museum
Arts, June 20

Introducing the first museum in the United States devoted to the art and global history of the medium.

Merlin 153918468 ee63ea7c a809 4806 9b65 a0c906ecc94a articleinline
25 Art Exhibitions to View in N.Y.C. This Weekend
Arts, June 20

Our guide to new art shows and some that will be closing soon.

21galleries01 articleinline
What to See in New York Art Galleries Right Now
Arts, June 20

Darrel Ellis’s photo-based art; David Novros’s expansive abstractions; Peggy Ahwesh’s unsettling video installations; and Picasso’s enduring muses.

Merlin 156408159 5f73fa05 3d09 4eae 9e8a d8f7d2f90b71 articleinline
Was Frida Kahlo’s Voice Captured on a Tape? Researchers Are Listening Again
Arts, June 20

After Mexican officials released a 1950s clip thought to have captured the artist speaking, questions arose about whether the voice was really hers.

Merlin 156591771 7acbebce 11bc 4e50 b52a 829714ed728c articleinline
Roberto Burle Marx and His Leafy Vision of the Tropics
Arts, June 20

The New York Botanical Garden has opened its largest ever show, devoted to the Brazilian landscape architect.

Merlin 156183330 79abd364 29ff 4e29 8254 5382c7675ac3 articleinline
Pointed Painted Valentines to the Soviet Era
Arts, June 20

In her first American solo exhibition, Zoya Cherkassky’s commentary on her childhood in Ukraine is rich and complex.

Merlin 155615712 816ae273 7ea9 43e6 810c 13ada9e2754d articleinline
L.G.B.T.Q. Visibility, Literally: Painting New York for Pride
U.S., June 20

More than 50 murals in all five boroughs of New York City will mark the half-century since the Stonewall uprising.

18a59af0be594cceb1e2790963c5bd8d articleinline
Crossing the Line Festival Challenges Itself to Evolve
Arts, June 19

This year’s lineup includes a theatrical adaptation of John Cassavetes’s “Opening Night,” starring Isabelle Adjani, and a new play by Peter Brook.

Merlin 155604363 143994b3 d0be 41c7 b75b 4aed0cfc8721 articleinline
A Clearer Picture of ‘A Bigger Splash’
Movies, June 19

The 1974 documentary anticipated David Hockney’s success and the rise of reality TV. A new 4K restoration screens at the Metrograph this week.

Merlin 155705958 a5d2afdc c6ba 45ca bbee d29d18eddc2a articleinline
When Art Is More Than an Imitation of Life
Arts, June 19

To Aaron and Barbara Levine, collecting is a sustaining force and an intellectual exercise, not to mention the subject of gentle sparring.

Merlin 156591450 d1356d41 f332 4046 b1ef 2ae1a01e98da articleinline
Asking Artists, What Do You Need?
Arts, June 18

The Lower Manhattan Cultural Council has a new artistic leader, Lili Chopra, who sees the needs of the city and the needs of artists as complementary. Her first River to River Festival is this week.

Merlin 156591450 d1356d41 f332 4046 b1ef 2ae1a01e98da articleinline
Asking Artists, What Do You Need?
Arts, June 18

The Lower Manhattan Cultural Council has a new artistic leader, Lili Chopra, who sees the needs of the city and the needs of artists as complementary. Her first River to River Festival starts this week.

Merlin 156584724 d400bbf5 2594 4b46 a7cb 3effcab5c11d articleinline
A Festival at the Intersection of Amsterdam and Africa
Arts, June 18

Language, meaning, interpretation, translation: These themes resonate in William Kentridge and Faustin Linyekula’s Holland Festival programming.

18serpentine1 articleinline
Serpentine Galleries Chief Quits, With Harsh Words for Activist Artists
Arts, June 18

Yana Peel resigned after a newspaper revealed she had connections to a cybersecurity firm whose spyware has been used by governments to track journalists and activists.

Screen shot 2019 06 14 at 4 articleinline
In a Gray City, Some See a Blank Canvas
Travel, June 18

The 52 Places Traveler takes the midnight train to Aberdeen and finds an underappreciated city that’s quietly exploding with creativity.

17burner1 articleinline
The Art of Food
Food, June 17

“A Feast for the Eyes” gives readers a glimpse of how artists have used food as a medium.

Merlin 156556413 434feb75 665c 46e4 ab57 1e2467e87479 articleinline
What 7 Visitors (and One Guard) Cherished on MoMA’s Closing Day
Arts, June 17

They were drawn to the Big M’s: Monet, Matisse, Miró, and more.

Merlin 156341964 9bd3e1bb bfea 4ed1 8a7a e661e9c4608f articleinline
#MeToo Work at Art Basel Offers Cautionary Tale About Political Art
Arts, June 16

Andrea Bowers removed part of her installation after complaints — but her piece raises questions about who can tell intimate stories.

Merlin 156213279 ea4ad5b9 7271 4741 aa9f 0cd16347153a articleinline
New York’s Tribute to the ‘Tombs Angel’: Lost, Found, Now Restored
Arts, June 16

A long-forgotten monument to a woman who helped inmates in New York’s infamous 19th-century jail is to be installed in a courthouse lobby.

Merlin 154186740 1262cfa3 74e4 44ee 9931 9fc631b3d351 articleinline
‘The Gaze Is Ours’
Style, June 15

Latinx artists and creative thinkers are incorporating family history and cultural heritage into their work.

16week pop articleinline
The Week in Arts: One Ariana Grande, Two Stadiums; Toni Morrison on the Silver Screen
Arts, June 15

The recording artist headlines Madison Square Garden, a play plumbs the gay experience in Uganda and the Nobel Prize-winning novelist anchors a new documentary.

Merlin 151976751 da33ce3b a084 4b82 86c5 5fa71e66eeb7 articleinline
21 Art Exhibitions to View in N.Y.C. This Weekend
Arts, June 13

Our guide to new art shows and some that will be closing soon.

Merlin 156183864 c5ea1fe3 30c9 49d8 a10a 5e5cc75535f6 articleinline
Female Surrealists Re-emerge in 2 Startling Shows
Arts, June 13

Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo, known for their mystical styles, flourished in Mexico.

Merlin 156354408 0a85d921 b782 4109 9068 dde40897e89a articleinline
In Basel, Taking the Temperature of the Art World
Arts, June 13

The annual fair is one of the few moments when the curtains part to reveal where collectors’ tastes — and their money — are heading.

Merlin 156261183 e7aad67f 57ff 4435 b8a5 46305762bdf9 articleinline
Mandatory Viewing: Nancy Spero’s Bold Feminist Art
Arts, June 13

Her works are radical, topical and inspiring, and time is running out on what our critic calls a stunning show at MoMA PS1.

13lornasimpson1 articleinline
Lorna Simpson Embraces the Blues
Arts, June 13

Photography, video, installation, and now painting in her new solo show, “Darkening,” in Chelsea. Is there anything this artist can’t do?

Merlin 139498173 939badcd 343c 447e abca 2950002a9225 articleinline
You Know Frida Kahlo’s Face. Now You Can (Probably) Hear Her Voice.
Arts, June 13

The National Sound Library of Mexico has released a track that it believes is the only known surviving audio recording of the artist.

Merlin 156338799 4213cc38 c5d8 4d29 b8b9 16c8cd00f3e6 articleinline
Berlin’s Troubled Humboldt Forum Pushes Back Opening
Arts, June 13

The high-profile museum project in the German capital has aroused controversy over its treatment of colonial-era objects. Now technical problems have delayed its premiere.

Merlin 155736219 f23551ac 26ee 44f6 8033 75faccddf414 articleinline
Dia Diversifies, While Staying True to Its Roots
Arts, June 13

A farsighted director is leading a profound transformation and anointing the next Dia Generation: Charlotte Posenenske and Lee Ufan.

Merlin 28195370 618889f7 c8fb 4ca4 88e6 31ed2d4ebc08 articleinline
Petition Filed to Create First Union for Guggenheim Museum Staff
Arts, June 12

Under the proposal, about 90 art installers and facilities workers at the museum would become members of the International Union of Operating Engineers.

3galleries belson articleinline
What to See in Art Galleries Right Now
Arts, June 12

Jordan Belson, the filmmaker-mystic as painter; Pedro Almodóvar, the director as photographer; and three artists as disrupters of textiles.

13tmag francoise slide 8i4b articleinline
Françoise Gilot, 97, Does Not Regret Her Pablo Picasso Memoir
T Magazine, June 11

In 1964, her book about a decade-long affair with the legendary artist was a succès de scandale. Now, it’s back in print.

11hockney1 articleinline
Seeking the Real David Hockney Through Fact and Fiction
Arts, June 11

A new novel and a restoration of the film “A Bigger Splash” expand our definition of art biography.

Merlin 156050043 851d81ef 230d 4be8 b90f edb96dba2008 articleinline
Joe Overstreet, Painter and Activist, Is Dead at 85
Obituaries, June 10

Like many of his fellow African-American artists, he infused his work with burning political issues of the 1960s and ’70s.

07billops1 articleinline
Camille Billops, Who Filmed Her Mother-Daughter Struggle, Dies at 85
Obituaries, June 9

A sculptor, painter and filmmaker, she gave up her daughter for adoption and documented the reunion they had 20 years later — only to reject her again.

00iraqmuseum dispatch articleinline
In Iraq Museum, There Are Things ‘That Are Nowhere Else in the World’
World, June 9

The Iraq Museum has a majestic, world-class collection of ancient art dating back 5,000 years, but it struggles to connect with an audience of younger Iraqis.

09week dance articleinline
The Week in Arts: Alvin Ailey Goes Back to School; ‘Younger’ Returns to TV Land
Arts, June 8

Dance performances celebrate the Ailey School’s 50th anniversary; a romantic comedy’s sixth season opens; and the National Gallery of Art becomes an animal house.

31tmag roses slide 8jtq articleinline
T Suggests: English Roses, a Lost Film by Claire Denis and More
T Magazine, June 7

A roundup of things our editors — and a few contributors — are excited about in a given week.

31tmag roses slide 6c1r articleinline
One Photographer’s Tribute to English Roses
Slideshow, June 7

For his latest book, the British photographer Luke Stephenson captured flowers bred by the esteemed rosarian David Austin.

E9c05cdc1f7c4c7a8049b9573c66b9e5 articleinline
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam Names Rein Wolfs Its New Director
Arts, June 7

The appointment ends a year-and-a-half vacancy at the top of one of Europe’s leading modern art museums.

07palast1 articleinline
Symbol of a Brutal Regime? Or a Fun Place to Party?
Arts, June 7

An exhibition looks back at the Palast der Republik, the East German Parliament building, which was torn down after the country ceased to exist.

Merlin 156060726 6c12d7d4 8569 44d5 bf9b 2423073fc106 articleinline
Is My House on Fire?
Opinion, June 7

Featuring Bob the report guy.

Merlin 155503146 2e3079ea e044 4fd2 bced e0a30893be0f articleinline
Laure Prouvost Represents France. But She Doesn’t Feel Very French.
Arts, June 7

The artist’s surreal installation is the talk of the Venice Biennale.

Merlin 153316932 e84ab892 84a1 4108 9b61 420491e9133c articleinline
22 Art Exhibitions to View in N.Y.C. This Weekend
Arts, June 6

Our guide to new art shows and some that will be closing soon.

07sharrer moma articleinline
In Praise of the Great Majority
Arts, June 6

At MoMA, Honoré Sharrer’s “Workers and Paintings” asks: “What if great art were more accessible?”

06arttech moma1 articleinline
Encountering the ‘New Order’ at MoMA
Arts, June 6

The blind spots and new possibilities of the technologies we love (and hate).

07mondrain moma3 articleinline
Mondrian Sparked My Love of Painting
Arts, June 6

Familiarity breeds contentment before MoMA’s “Broadway Boogie Woogie.”

Merlin 67999016 a83c88ce 53aa 484c ac5d a86db2693ae5 articleinline
Will the Renovated MoMA Let Folk Art Back In?
Arts, June 6

Still mourning the American Folk Art Museum, a critic says, “We, and MoMA, don’t need any more Rauschenbergs, or Richters.” Bring on the outsider artists.

Merlin 155868456 96353189 eb94 4904 8626 5dfd3d8e0e03 articleinline
A Noisy Half-Hour With van Gogh’s Masterpiece
Arts, June 6

Our critic spent 30 minutes looking — or trying to look — at “Starry Night.” It wasn’t easy.

06value moma1 articleinline
Celebrating ‘Good Design’ at MoMA: The Nut Dish and Other Populist Gems
Arts, June 6

“If most Americans had little patience for Picasso, everybody needed a decent can opener,” our critic writes.

Merlin 155138019 1c6f4f97 77b1 496a aad0 7a2d7c96d553 articleinline
Last Call: MoMA’s Closing, and Changing
Arts, June 6

With the museum shutting down June 15 for a four-month renovation, our critic assesses the challenges it faces.

06galleries ronay articleinline
What to See in Art Galleries Right Now
Arts, June 6

Matthew Ronay’s colorful configurations; Tarek Atoui’s sonic sculptures; Rafal Bujnowski’s arresting grisailles; Kiki Kogelnik’s body of work; and Zheng Guogu’s trippy thangkas.

2bf0dfbe7a9b49808e6c5a2ef2d52b88 articleinline
How Nuclear Bomb Tests Are Helping to Identify Art Forgeries
Arts, June 6

Using radiocarbon dating, scientists can uncover counterfeit artworks using smaller than ever samples of canvas and paint chips.

06lastchance1 articleinline
Wendy Red Star at the Newark Museum: A Powerful Portrait of the Crow Nation
Arts, June 5

Wrapping around the walls of the gallery, a timeline of photographs from a large annual festival turns public history into a personal narrative.

Merlin 144944802 39615250 c6fb 476f abc1 a78d0b77eb93 articleinline
The Walking Dead Takes an Unexpected Turn
Arts, June 5

In an interview, Robert Kirkman, who created and writes the comic series, talks about the twist.

05kehinde1 articleinline
Kehinde Wiley, Spoiler of Artists
Arts, June 4

He gained fame for his portrait of President Obama. Now he is opening Black Rock, a luxurious residency program in Senegal.

04ocean cube1 articleinline
Come for the Deep-Sea Selfies. Stay to Learn About Sustainability.
Arts, June 4

“Ocean Cube,” an exhibition of five Instagramable dreamlike rooms, offers commentary on pollution.

Merlin 155349609 91223618 b76e 4174 9c7c 9e4c492f35f1 articleinline
Under a Monet Painting, Restorers Find New Water Lilies
Arts, June 3

Researchers at a Dutch museum made a surprise discovery when they took a painting of wisteria off the wall for the first time since the 1960s.

31pot art1 articleinline
Richard Prince and the New Meaning of High Art
Arts, May 31

Guests at Prince’s show in San Francisco got a peek at the artist’s latest paintings — and a sniff of his new cannabis venture.

Merlin 146295795 450afb47 3e5e 4661 8005 92886e9b26e6 articleinline
Everett Raymond Kinstler, Prolific Portraitist, Dies at 92
Obituaries, May 31

He painted celebrities and politicians, including several presidents, and has dozens of works in the National Portrait Gallery collection.

Tschabala slide w5ee articleinline
An Artist on Paying Homage to Harlem, and Using Found Fabrics in Paintings
T Magazine, May 31

Tschabalala Self’s textile works — which will go on view at MoMA PS1 next month — are inspired by people on the streets of Harlem.

00zabriskie articleinline
Virginia Zabriskie, 91, Art Dealer Who Promoted the Overlooked, Dies
Obituaries, May 31

Ms. Zabriskie supported legions of painters and sculptors who did not have celebrity status but were vital contributors to American art.

31figment1 articleinline
Art Festival Is Welcome, but Not the Huge Crowds
Arts, May 31

The popular Figment NYC arrives on Roosevelt Island, but some residents are not ready for thousands of visitors.

02native women1 articleinline
The Hand of Native American Women, Visible at Last
Arts, May 31

The role of women art-makers in Native communities has gone widely ignored. Now a bold museum show, by and for these women, is shining a light on 1,000 years of their art.

Merlin 155518620 e7f419d5 5d73 4200 a778 1af9b9a566e9 articleinline
Their Beach Opera Won at the Biennale. But They Can Hardly Afford It.
Arts, May 31

Even after winning the Golden Lion, and despite popular demand, the artists at the Lithuanian pavilion still need to raise money for regular performances.

Merlin 155635470 82ea477b ac0b 4bd4 9036 94db6b05c09c articleinline
Seeing China Through Art, Not Politics
World, May 30

For those of us hungering for deeper insight into the the country, Sydney’s White Rabbit gallery provides a dizzying and confronting lesson in understanding.

30stonewall reviews1 articleinline
When Resistance Became Too Loud to Ignore
Arts, May 30

New York City museums and public spaces celebrate Stonewall and the movement’s charismatic personalities in a handful of timely shows.

Merlin 152791359 51fcadb6 6ea9 4f25 9d6f c9438696366d articleinline
22 Art Exhibitions to View in N.Y.C. This Weekend
Arts, May 30

Our guide to new art shows and some that will be closing soon.

Merlin 155541645 6a02f999 dbc9 4dfb b239 9183e00c70d2 articleinline
The Broken Saucers in Alan Faena’s House Are Purely Aesthetic
Arts, May 30

This real-estate developer has a definite personal color scheme, but his eye for art isn’t limited to a particular medium or motif.

31leonardodrew1 articleinline
Leonardo Drew Rides His Magic Carpet to a New Field
Arts, May 30

The sculptor’s first outdoor work in Madison Square Park is a cityscape created from wood, aluminum and colored sand.

26e51a717f294fa798846f835e1ce7ea articleinline
Overlooked No More: Emma Stebbins, Who Sculpted an Angel of New York
Obituaries, May 29

Though her Angel of the Waters at the Bethesda Fountain in Central Park was initially met with negative reviews, it eventually became all but synonymous with the city.

29davinci item articleinline
Court Denies Italy’s Request for Return of Disputed da Vinci Work
Arts, May 29

The Swiss court ruled that it was not bound by the Italian law that held the portrait had been exported illegally.

30galleries kantarovsky articleinline
What to See in Art Galleries Right Now
Arts, May 29

Sanya Kantarovsky’s darkly funny eccentrics; Firelei Báez’s empowered mythologies; Chris Ofili’s Calypso; Tino Sehgal’s interpreters; and Carolee Schneemann’s cat collaborations.

7bf77beebb5c4edeb93425a10b3bac85 articleinline
Why an Alice Neel Painting Is Stuck in This Artist’s Psyche
T Magazine, May 28

The painter Jordan Casteel discusses her favorite artwork and the affinity she feels for its creator.

Merlin 155372535 73706c11 685a 4b86 a34b ab2fa226b16c articleinline
Dementia Stopped Peter Max From Painting. For Some, That Spelled a Lucrative Opportunity.
Business, May 28

Now Peter Max’s associates are trading lurid allegations of kidnapping, hired goons, attempted murder by Brazil nut and art fraud on the high seas.